Oil supply overhang looms in Q1 despite stock fall, IEA warns

London (Platts)--12 Oct 2017 750 am EDT/1150 GMT

Global oil stocks are likely to fall by 300,000 b/d on average this year, but a likely global oversupply in the first quarter of 2018 underlines the need for continued OPEC discipline on supply cuts, the International Energy Agency said Thursday.

  • 'Call' on OPEC to drop by 1.1 million b/d in Q1
  • OPEC crude output 32.65 million b/d in September
  • US oil demand falls 40,000 b/d in Q3 on hurricanes

The IEA's latest monthly oil market report pointed to a likely increase in global oil stocks in Q1 2018 of up to 800,000 b/d, assuming stable OPEC production and normal weather, following continued reductions in stocks and volumes in transit both in the OECD and elsewhere in 2017.

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Underlining its point, it estimated the "call" on OPEC, or the likely need for OPEC crude, will drop by 1.1 million b/d in Q1 next year compared with Q4 2017 to just 31.9 million b/d.

However, despite the expected Q1 oversupply, globally for 2018 as a whole, "crude and product markets look broadly balanced," it said.

As for this year, "detailed analysis of the global balance shows that in 2017 each quarter will show a deficit, other than a tiny build in Q1 2017.

For the year as a whole, stocks will fall by 300,000 b/d," the IEA said.

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The IEA closely monitors oil stocks in the OECD countries, while the numbers for the rest of the world are less clear estimates.

Besides OECD stocks, "we can now clearly see a major reduction in floating storage, oil in transit, and stocks held in some independent areas," the IEA said.

The report said OECD oil stocks had continued falling against the five-year average in August, to reach 170 million barrels above the five-year average, although the total remained above the 3 billion mark, at 3.015 billion barrels.

Global oil stocks are likely to have fallen in Q3 for just the second time since oil prices started collapsing in 2014, it added.

"Draws in the OECD and in floating storage have more than compensated for the net stock builds occurring in China," the IEA said, adding that Chinese year-on-year demand growth had slowed to 310,000 b/d in August, from 490,000 b/d in July.

A global surge in oil demand growth in Q2 of this year, mounting to 2.2 million b/d year-on-year, appears to have slowed, with a slowdown occurring in both OECD and non-OECD countries in August, it said.

On the effect of this year's severe hurricanes in the Gulf of Mexico, the IEA estimated that US oil demand had fallen by 40,000 b/d on the year in Q3 but was likely to return to more normal levels in the current quarter.


On the supply side, the IEA estimated OPEC's compliance with its agreed supply cuts at 88% in September, up from 86% in August.

It put OPEC's September crude production at 32.65 million b/d, down 400,000 b/d on the year, and slightly lower than an estimate this week from OPEC itself, based on secondary sources, of 32.75 million b/d.

It said that next year's projected oil demand growth of 1.4 million b/d, is below its estimate for non-OPEC supply growth in 2018, which is 1.5 million b/d, necessitating continued compliance with last year's production cut agreement between OPEC and non-OPEC countries led by Russia.

The IEA calculated that last year's cut agreement had resulted in higher oil earnings for OPEC as a whole in the course of this year.

However, exempt countries Libya and Nigeria had received half of the increase in revenue, while Saudi Arabia slightly lost out in the year to September, with a $3 million a day reduction compared with its earnings in Q4 last year.

The IEA estimated Libya's crude production at 920,000 b/d in September, but said it could struggle to reach the 1 million b/d level achieved in July due to continued civil strife.

Compliance among non-OPEC countries party to last year's agreement was 75% in September, with Russian compliance on 78%, it estimated.

Russia's oil output in September, at 10.91 million b/d, was lower than a year earlier for the first time in over three years, it added.

Meanwhile China's oil production fell to a new low of 3.7 million b/d in August.

--Nick Coleman,
--Edited by Jonathan Dart,

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